Gum Surgery; What Do I Need To Know?
Your dentist has recommended that you see a periodontist, a dental specialist who treats periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that infects the gum tissue causing inflammation, redness, swelling and loss of bone around the teeth. It can affect one tooth or many.
There are several types of gum surgeries that your dentist might recommend if you’ve developed gum disease (also known as periodontal disease). The most common cause of gum disease is when excessive bacteria buildups in your mouth and create excess plaque and your body is unable to fight the infection. Certain factors, however, including medications and chronic illnesses, can make someone more susceptible to gum disease even if he or she follows a thorough oral care routine.
Gum Grafting Surgery
What is gum grafting surgery? It is a procedure done by a periodontist to mitigate recession of the gums. Recession takes place when gums are pulled down over time by movement of the teeth, excessively harsh brushing, or something else, like gum disease.
The procedure involves moving flesh from elsewhere in the mouth (e.g., the roof of the mouth) to the recessed gum to plump it up around the tooth and provide a safer barrier.
Gum Grafting at our Turkey Dental Clinic
From poor genetics to gum disease, there are a number of contributing factors which can cause the gums to pull away from teeth. Known as gum recession, this condition is both aesthetically unappealing and can compromise the overall health of the smile by leaving tooth roots exposed and vulnerable to decay.
Gum grafting helps restore the look of healthy gums while protecting exposed roots.
Following an in-depth evaluation of your gums as well as discussion on your ultimate smile goals, our periodontists may recommend one of the following gum grafting treatment options:
Connective Tissue Grafts: Ideal for treating root exposure, this form of soft tissue grafting uses either donor connective tissue or the underlying tissue from the palate to cover areas of exposure.
Free Gingival Grafts: Our Pasadena periodontists use the top layer of tissue from the roof of the mouth to cover exposed roots and areas with thinning gingiva.
Pedicle Grafts: Tissue is taken from the surrounding area and a flap, or pedicle is created to expose the root. Grafted tissue is then placed in the area and the flap is sutured back in place.
Will Surgery Hurt?
- Your surgery will be done under local anaesthesia. You should feel little or no discomfort. Following surgery, the treated area may be slightly tender, sore or swollen.
- You may be prescribed analgesics (painkillers) to relieve post-surgical discomfort; antibiotics to prevent infection.
- Most patients resume their normal routine the day after surgery
What Should I Watch Out For After Surgery?
- Some facial swelling and bruising is expected after surgery. You can reduce this with a cold pack against the cheek for the first 6-8hrs post operatively
- If a periodontal dressing has been applied over the wound, do not be alarmed if it breaks off after 2-3 days. The pieces can be discarded.
- Avoid chewing hard foods in the surgical area for several days.
- Brush your other teeth as usual, and use the antibacterial mouthrinse prescribed to keep the surgical site clean.
- If sutures have been placed, you will be given a date to have them removed
- Following some types of periodontal surgery, the teeth may be more sensitive to hot and cold sensations. The sensitivity will lessen during the first few weeks after surgery.
What can I do to help control the disease?
- Periodontal disease can and will recur if you do not follow a strict programme of supportive therapy
- In addition to regular professional dental check-ups, your home oral care is important. |
- Daily removal of plaque through proper brushing, flossing and other recommended cleaning methods will safeguard your teeth for a lifetime.